Reproductive screening and enhancement of reproductive performance of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) on feeding bypass fat and area specific mineral mixture

Main Article Content

Ashutosh Tripathi Jitendra Singh Mehta

Abstract

A total of 491 buffaloes (Murrah and non-descript) reared under unorganized system from semi-arid and arid areas of Rajasthan, India, were screened for their reproductive status. These were screened by history taking, rectal palpation, Ultrasonography and follow up. Out of these screened animals 65.59% were of normal reproductive status (Involved recently parturiated, pregnant etc. animals) while remaining included 11% cases of delayed puberty, 7.94% of delayed post-partum estrus, 5.5% of anestrus/ subestrus, 3.87% of repeat breeding, 2.85% of prolapse, 2.44% of infectious infertility and only 0.81% cases were of cystic ovarian degeneration (COD). Thirty animals were given bypass fat and area specific mineral mixture (ASMM) following parturition till 90 days postpartum, and results were compared with 20 animals from Control group. The uterus of animals given bypass fat and ASMM took significantly less time (24.50±0.34 mean days) for involution than Control group (33±0.61 mean days) also Experimental group took significantly less days (62.60±0.77 mean days) to show first estrus postpartum than Control group (87.00±0.44 mean days). First AI conception rate of Experimental group (60%) was also better than Control group (45%). 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
TRIPATHI, Ashutosh; MEHTA, Jitendra Singh. Reproductive screening and enhancement of reproductive performance of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) on feeding bypass fat and area specific mineral mixture. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 41, n. 4, p. 765-772, dec. 2022. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <https://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/BufBu/article/view/3539>. Date accessed: 28 jan. 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.56825/bufbu.2022.4143539.
Section
Original Article

References

Aardema, H., B.M. Gadella, C.H.A. Van de Lest, J.F.H.M. Brouwers, T.A.E. Stout, B.A.J. Roelen and P.L.A.M. Vos. 2014. Free fatty acid levels in fluid of dominant follicles at the preferred insemination time in dairy cows are not affected by early postpartum fatty acid stress. J. Dairy Sci., 98(4): 2322-2336. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2014-7970

Agarwal, S.K., S.K. Singh and R. Rajkumar. 2005. Reproductive disorders and their management in cattle and buffalo: A review. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 75(7): 858-873.

Akhtar, M.S., L.A. Lodhi, M.M. Ayaz, Z.I. Qureshi and G. Muhhammad. 2012. Prevalence of puerperal period reproductive disorders in Nili-Ravi buffaloes of different parity in district Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Pak. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 2: 79-82. Available on: http://www.jvas.com.pk/doc/2012/V-2-2/4.pdf

Alexander, G., R.Z. Prabhakara and J. Rama Prasad. 2002. Effect of supplementing sheep with sunflower acid oil or its calcium soap on nutrient utilization. Asian Austral. J. Anim., 15(9): 1288-1293. DOI: 10.5713/ajas.2002.1288

Al-Saed, A.H.N., S.A. Abd and S.G. Al-Maliki. 2017. A comparison between prolapse and mineral deficiency in Iraqi local cattle and buffalo cows. Research Journal of Life Sciences, Bioinformatics, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences, 2(5): 32-40. DOI: 10.26479/2017.0205.03

Azawi, O.I. 2010. Uterine infection in buffalo cows: A review. Buffalo Bull., 29(3): 154-171. Available on: https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/FullTextPDF/2011/20113095762.pdf

Baruselli, P.S., V.H. Barnabe, R.C. Barnabe, J.A. Visintin and R. Porto. 2001. Effect of body condition score at calving on postpartum reproductive performance in buffalo. Buffalo Journal, 17: 53-65.

Beam, S.W. and W.R. Butler. 1999. Effects of energy balance on follicular development and first ovulation in postpartum dairy cows. J. Reprod. Fertil., 54: 411-24. DOI: 10.1530/biosciprocs.4.032

Bertics, S.J., R.R. Grummer, C. Cadorniga-Valino and E.E. Stoddard. 1992. Effect of prepartum dry matter intake on liver triglyceride concentration and early lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 75(7): 1914-1922. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(92)77951-X

Bhatti, M.S., I. Ahmad, N. Ahmad., L.A. Lodhi and M. Ahmad. 2006. Epidemiological survey of genital prolapse in buffaloes kept under different systems and serum micro mineral contents. Pak Vet J., 26(4): 197-200. Available on: http://www.pvj.com.pk/pdf-files/26_4/page%20197-200.pdf

Block, E., W. Chalupa, E. Evans, T. Jenkins, P. Moate, D. Palmquist and C. Sniffen. 2005. Calcium salts are highly digestible. Feedstuffs, 77(30): 20-25.

Crowe, M.A., M.G. Diskin and E.J. Williams. 2014. Parturition to resumption of ovarian cyclicity: Comparative aspects of beef and dairy cows. Animal, 8(Suppl. 1): 40-53. DOI: 10.1017/S1751731114000251

Gargouri, A., G. Caja, R. Casals and I. Mezghani. 2006. Lactational evaluation of effects of calcium soap of fatty acids on dairy ewes. Small Ruminant Res., 66(1-3): 1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.03.004

GOI. 2021. Annual Report. 2021-22. Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, India.

Ingawale, M.V., M. Siddqui, M.G. Thorat, S.P. Waghmare and C.H. Pawshe. 2020. Management of post partum complete eversion of uterus in graded Murrah buffalo. Buffalo Bull., 39(1): 125-28. Available on: https://kukrdb.lib.ku.ac.th/journal/BuffaloBulletin/search_detail/result/399040

Kalasariya, R.M., A.J. Dhami, K.K. Hadiya, K.S. Mungad, V.P. Ramani and S.C. Parmar. 2016. Impact of peripartum nutritional supplementation on plasma minerals profile and postpartum fertility in buffaloes. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 5(6): 3749-3759.

Khatri, P., D. Das, I. Kaka, M.U. Samo and B. Bhutto. 2013. Influence of environmental temperature on post partum reproductive potential of Khundi buffaloes. Journal of Veterinary Advances, 3(4): 139-145.

Kumar, R. and R. Singh. 2009. Incidence of utero-vaginal prolapse among the buffaloes under field conditions of western Uttar Pradesh. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 79(8): 847-849.

Kumar, S., A.K. Pandey, W.A.A. Razzaque and D.K. Dwidedi. 2011. Importance of micro minerals in reproductive performance in livestock. Veterinary World, 4(5): 230-233. Available on: http://www.veterinaryworld.org/Vol.4/May%20-%202011/Importance%20of%20micro%20minerals%20in%20reproductive.pdf

Lopes, C.N., A.B. Scarpa, B.I. Cappellozza, R.F. Cooke and J.L.M. Vasconcelos. 2009. Effects of rumen-protected polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on reproductive performance of Bos indicus beef cows. J. Anim. Sci., 87(12): 3935-3943. DOI: 10.2527/jas.2009-2201

Mattos, R., C.R. Staples, A. Arteche, M.C. Wiltbank, F.J. Diaz, T.C. Jenkins and W.W. Thatcher. 2004. The effects of feeding fish oil on uterine secretion of PGF2alpha, milk composition, and metabolic status of periparturient Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci., 87(4): 921-932. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73236-1

Mishra, U.K., R.G. Agrawal and R.K. Pandit. 1997. Clinical study on prolapse of genitalia in Murrah buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction, 18(2): 124-126.

Naik, P.K., S. Saijpaul, A.S. Sirohi and M. Raquib. 2009. Lactation response of cross bred dairy cows fed on indigenously prepared rumen protected fat - A field trial. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 79(10): 1045-1049.

Nanda, A.S. and R.D. Sharma.1982. Incidence and etiology of prepartum prolapse of vagina in buffaloes. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 35: 168-171.

Nirwan, S.S., J.S. Mehta, A. Kumar, P. Kumar, A. Kumar and V. Singh. 2019. Effects of bypass fat on postpartum reproductive performance in dairy cattle. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 72(2): 194-200. DOI: 10.33785/IJDS.2019.v72i02.011

Rabbani, R.A., I. Ahmad and L.A. Lodhi. 2010. Prevalence of various reproductive disorders and economic losses caused by genital prolapse in buffaloes. Pak. Vet. J., 30(1): 44-48.

Ranjan, A., B. Sahoo, V.K. Singh, S. Srivastava, S.P. Singh and A.K. Pattanaik. 2012. Effect of bypass fat supplementation on productive performance and blood biochemical profile in lactating Murrah (Bubalus bubalis) buffaloes. Trop. Anim. Health Pro., 44(7): 1615-1621. DOI: 10.1007/s11250-012-0115-3

Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran. 1994. Statistical Methods, 8th ed. Iowa State University Press, Iowa, USA.
Srinivasan, T., A.W. Lakkawar, K.C. Varshney, S.M. Raju and C. Thandavamurthy. 2017. Pathology of cystic ovarian degeneration in buffaloes. International Journal of Livestock Research, 7(4): 180-187. DOI: 10.5455/ijlr.20170312054143

Thakur, D., J.R. Kumar, S. Pradeep and A. Yadav. 2017. Feeding patterns, nutritional status of available feeds during advanced pregnancy and incidence of reproductive and metabolic disorders in buffaloes of Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 34: 50-55. DOI: 10.5958/2231-6744.2017.00008.1

Tyagi, N., S.S. Thakur and S.K. Shelke. 2010. Effect of bypass fat supplementation on productive and reproductive performance in crossbred cows. Trop. Anim. Health Pro., 42(8): 1749-1755. DOI: 10.1007/s11250-010-9631-1

Vala, K.B., A.J. Dhami, F.S. Kavani, S.C. Parmar and M.M. Pathan. 2018. Effect of peripartum nutritional supplementation on plasma profiles of macro minerals and postpartum fertility in Jaffarabadi buffaloes. Indian Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Biotechnology, 14(1): 22-27. DOI: 10.21887/ijvsbt.v14i1.12992

Warriach, H.M., D.M. McGill, R.D. Bush, Wynn and K.R. Chohan. 2015. A review of recent developments in buffalo reproduction - A review. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 28(3): 451-455. DOI: 10.5713/ajas.14.025910.5958/2231-6744.2017.00008.1