Gross as well as microscopic anatomy and physiological functions of fetal placenta in Jaffrabadi buffaloes


  • Ramesh Jamnadas Padodara Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Kamdhenu University, Gujarat, India
  • Vivek Kumar Singh Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Kamdhenu University, Gujarat, India
  • Dhaval Tribhovanbhai Fefar Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Kamdhenu University, Gujarat, India
  • Amit Rameshbhai Bhadaniya Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Kamdhenu University, Gujarat, India
  • Anshu Rampal Ahlawat Department of Animal Genetics, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Kamdhenu University, Gujarat, India
  • Harish Hirjibhai Savsani Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Kamdhenu University, Gujarat, India
  • Vijay Manoharbhai Mehta Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Kamdhenu University, Gujarat, India



Bubalus bubalis, buffaloes, gross-morphology, histo-morphometry, trophobalst, hormones, placenta, cotyledon, Jaffrabadi buffalo


The present study was conducted to know the gross morphology and histo-morphological structure of fetal placenta in Jaffrabadi buffaloes. Parameters like calf weight, placental weight, numbers, and size of cotyledons were observed in Jaffrabadi buffaloes and morphologically, fetal cotyledons were convex and non-pendunculated in Jaffrabadi buffaloes were found. Histological studies of small and large cotyledons showed extensive branching of secondary and tertiary villi that were longer, slender, and well developed in Jaffrabadi buffalo. A less developed basal lamina was seen in small cotyledon whereas developed basal lamina with numerous capillaries and connective tissue were observed in the large cotyledon. The diameter of trophoblast giant cells (TGC) in larger cotyledons were significantly (P<0.05) than the small cotyledons in expelled placenta at full term in Jaffrabadi buffaloes. A distinct distribution of carbohydrate and lipids in cotyledons were observed between large and small cotyledons as evident by acid mucopolysaccharides, neutral polysaccharides, and sudanophilic staining. Specific staining for calcium with Alizarin red stain showed that calcium is not present in a noticeable amount in small and large cotyledons. Isolation and culture of Jaffrabadi placental cells in M-199 medium with antibiotics and 2% FBS results in the efficient production of progesterone, estrogen, and testosterone. This study has shown that trophoblast cells are the actual sites for steroid hormone production. These cultured placental cells (1x106 cells/ ml) produce Progesterone, Estradiol-17β and Testosterone in the range of 1.72 to 2.12, 16.03 to 19.51 and 0.51 to 0.58 ng/ml, respectively in Jaffrabadi buffalo.


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Section of large cotyledon (A) and small cotyledon (B) of buffalo




How to Cite

Padodara, R. J., Singh, V. K., Fefar, D. T., Rameshbhai Bhadaniya, A., Ahlawat, A. R., Savsani, H. H., & Mehta, V. M. (2024). Gross as well as microscopic anatomy and physiological functions of fetal placenta in Jaffrabadi buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin, 43(1), 69–84.



Original Article