Metabolic and hormonal changes in water buffaloes during post parturient peak lactation

Main Article Content

Chandrakant Galdhar Subash Chandra Anand Dadke Rajiv Gaikwad Amol Sarode


Present study was undertaken to appraise dynamic changes in metabolic and hormonal profile in water buffaloes during post parturient peak lactation. Total 30 early lactating buffaloes were studied and compared at two points, first at 15 to 20 days and second at 40 to 45 days post calving. The parameters investigated were milk yield, milk composition, blood glucose, β-hydroxy butyrate (BHBA), glucagon, Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxin (T4). Farm history, milk samples and blood samples were collected at two time points from all the buffaloes for analysis. Buffaloes during post parturient peak lactation showed significant (P<0.05) changes in milk yield and milk fat and non-significant (P<0.05) changes in milk SNF percentage, glucose, BHBA, glucagon T3, and T4, respectively. In the conclusion, study recorded deviation in metabolic and hormonal profile during early peak lactation.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
GALDHAR, Chandrakant et al. Metabolic and hormonal changes in water buffaloes during post parturient peak lactation. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 40, n. 4, p. 565-570, dec. 2021. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2022.
Original Article


Akasha, M. and R.R. Anderson. 1984. Thyroxine and triiodothyronine in milk of cows, goats, sheep, and guinea pigs. In Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 177(2): 360-371. DOI: 10.3181/00379727-177-41957

Block, S.S., W.R. Butler, R.A. Ehrhardt, A.W. Bell, M.E.V. Amburgh and Y.R. Boisclair. 2001. Decreased concentration of plasma leptin in periparturient dairy cows is caused by negative energy balance. J. Endocrinol., 171(2): 339-348. DOI: 10.1677/joe.0.1710339

Brockman, R.P. and M.R. Johnson. 1978. Evidence of a role for glucagon in regulating glucose and B-hydroxybutyrate metabolism in sheep. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 57(1): 177-180. 10.4141/cjas77-021

Djokovic, R., H. Samanc, J. Bojkovski and N. Fratric. 2010. Blood concentrations of thyroid hormones and lipids of dairy cows in transitional period. Lucrări Ştiinłifice Medicină Veterinară, 43(2): 34-40. Available on:

Drackley, J.K. 1999. Biology of dairy cows during the transition period: The final frontier. J. Dairy Sci., 82(11): 2259-2273. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(99)75474-3

Fiore, E., F. Arfuso, M. Gianesella, D. Vecchio, M. Morgante, E. Mazzotta, T. Badon, P. Rossi, S. Bedin and G. Piccione. 2018. Metabolic and hormonal adaptation in Bubalus bubalis around calving and early lactation. PLoS ONE, 13(4): e0193803. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193803.

Galdhar, C.N. and R.V. Gaikwad. 2017. Presented lead paper on “Radio Immune Assay (RIA): Concept and application in veterinary clinical practice and research, p. 321-324. In 35th Annual Convention of ISVM and National Symposium on Innovative Techniques, Emerging Issues and Advancement in Veterinary Medicine to Meet the Challenges, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Tirunelveli, India.

Greenfield, R.B., M.J. Cecava and S.S. Donkin. 2000. Changes in mRNA expression for gluconeogenic enzymes in liver of dairy cattle during the transition to lactation. J. Dairy. Sci., 83(6): 1228-1236. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)74989-7

Hagawane, S.D., S.B. Shinde and D.N. Rajguru. 2009. Haematological and blood biochemical profile in lactating buffaloes in and around Parbhani city. Vet. World, 2(12): 467-469. Available on:

Huszenicza, G.Y., M. Kulcsar and P. Rudas. 2002. Clinical endocrinology of thyroid gland function in ruminants. Vet. Med. Czech., 47(7): 199-210. DOI: 10.17221/5824-VETMED

Kunj, P.L., J.W. Blum, I.C. Hart, H. Bicket and J. Landis. 2010. Effects of different energy intakes before and after calving on food intake, performance and blood hormones and metabolites in dairy cows. Anim. Prod., 40(2): 219-231. DOI: 10.1017/S0003356100025320

Radostits, O.M., C.C. Gay, K.W. Hinchcliff and P.D. Constable. 2010. Veterinary Medicine-A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats, Elsevier Saunders, USA. 10: 1664-1671.

Reddy, B.S. and S. Sivajothi. 2020. Assessemnet of haemato - Biochemical and stress parameters during the transition period in buffaloes. Bufalo Bull., 39(2): 161-165. Available on:

Reddy, B.S.S., K.N. Kumari, B.S. Reddy and Y.R. Reddy. 2014. Therapeutic management of ketosis associated with sub-clinical mastitis in transition cows. Intas Polivet, 15(2): 504- 506.

Sartin, J.L., K.A. Cummins, R.J. Kemppainen, D.N. Marple, C.H. Rahe and J.C. Williams. 1985. Glucagon, insulin, and growth hormone responses to glucose infusion in lactating dairy cows. Journal American Physiological Society, 248(1): E108-E114. DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.1985.248.1.E108

Sepulveda, P.V., J.M. Huzzey, D.M. Wearya and M.A.G.V. Keyserling. 2013. Behaviour, illness and management during the periparturient period in dairy cows. Anim. Pro. Sci., 53(9): 988-999. DOI: 10.1071/AN12286

Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran. 2009. The Principles and Practices of Statistics in Biological Research, 8th ed. State University Press, Iowa, USA.Voet, D. and J.G. Voet. 2011. A Text Book of Biochemistry, 4th ed. Willey, New York, USA.
Wilson, D.B. and R.C. Gorewit. 1980. Specific thyroxine receptors in mammary cytosol from lactating cattle. Biochemi. Bioph. Res. Co., 95(2): 807-815. DOI: 10.1016/0006-291x(80)90859-1

Xia, C., Z. Wang, C. Xu and H.Y. Zhang. 2012. Concentrations of plasma metabolites, hormones, and mRNA abundance of adipose leptin and hormone-sensitive Lipase in Ketotic and Nonketotic dairy cows. J. Vet. Intern. Med., 26(2): 415-417. DOI: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2011.00863.x

Youssef, M.A., M.R. El-Ashker and M.S. Younis. 2010. The effect of subclinical ketosis on indices of insulin sensitivity and selected metabolic variables in transition dairy cattle. Comp. Clin. Pathol., 26(2): 329-334. DOI: 10.1007/s00580-016-2377-z