Assessment of production traits and lactation wise economics of buffalo in Punjab state of India

Main Article Content

Inderpreet Kaur Nivedita - Varinder Pal Singh Hanish Sharma


Buffalo is considered as the dairy animal for modern times due to its higher adaptability and productivity in the changing climatic conditions. In India, large part of the milk production comes from small and medium dairy farmers. Buffalo contributes 45.44% to the total milk production in India. With only 3.65% of the total buffalo population of India, Punjab contributes 7.91% of the total buffalo milk production. In Punjab, around 70% milk production comes from small and medium dairy farms with herd size of 2 to 10 animals, another 25% from large/commercial herds and the rest from domestic (1%) and peri-urban dairies (4%), which are concentrated around big cities. In Punjab, buffaloes produce about 56.38% of the total annual milk production in the state. The current study was conducted in three agro-climatic zones of Punjab by selected 90 buffaloes farmers in the district viz. Hoshiarpur, Patiala and Mansa by simple random sampling method. The economics of buffalo was calculated on lactation basis. The average age at 1st calving was 43 months, and inter-calving period was 469 days, lactation length (days) was 281 days, dry period (days) was 188 days, average milk yield (liters/day) was 8.3 lts/day. The lactation-wise total cost of rearing buffalo was highest in 2nd lactation i.e. Rs. 95393 and the net profit was Rs. 52335 in 4th lactation period. Thus, buffaloes contribute positively to the income which makes its rearing beneficial financially.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
KAUR, Inderpreet et al. Assessment of production traits and lactation wise economics of buffalo in Punjab state of India. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 41, n. 4, p. 731-739, dec. 2022. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 29 jan. 2023. doi:
Original Article


Bardhan, D. and M.L. Sharma. 2012. Economics of milk production in Kumaun region of Uttarakhand. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 65: 416-422. DOI: 10.5146/IJDS.V65I5.25436.G11828

Chand, P., S. Sirohi, A. Mishra and V.P. Chahal. 2017. Estimation of costs and returns from dairying in Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 87(3): 381-386.

ESO. 2020. Statitical Abstract of Punjab. Economic and Statistical Organisation, Department of Planning, Government of India, India.

GOI. 2013. Punjab State Farmers' and Farm Workers Commission. Government of India, India.

Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying. 2021. Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics. Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India, India.

NDDB. 2020. Annaul Report 2020-2021. National Dairy Development Board, Gujarat, India.

Siddiki, M.A., M.R. Amin, A. Kabir, M.O. Faruque and Z.H. Khandaker. 2015. Socio-economic status of buffalo farmers and the performances of buffaloes at Lalpur Upozila of Natore district in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, 44(3): 157-165. DOI: 10.3329/bjas.v44i3.26366

Singh, R.K. and S.B. Agarwal. 2007. Economics of milk production in Imphal west district of Manipur. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 60(6): 441-446.

Singh, V.P. and I. Kaur. 2018. Economics of buffalo in livestock production system in Punjab: Current status and future prospects. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 7(10): 2702-2708. DOI: 10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.314

Sunil, V.R., B.S. Chandel and G. Makarabbi. 2016. Economics of milk production in Mandya district of Karnataka. Economic Affairs, 61(4): 659-665. DOI: 10.5958/0976-4666.2016.00081.4