Clinical and physical evaluation of infrared and ultraviolet treatment in arthritic buffalo calves

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C. K. Choudhary A. K. Sharma M. K. Gupta


Acute traumatic arthritis of the radiocarpal joint was induced by injecting turpentine oil intra-articularly in 12 male calves divided into 3 equal groups. The arthritic animals of different groups were treated from 3rd day onward to 14th day by conventional therapy (Meloxicam inj. + Gentamicin inj.) along with infrared rays (Group T1) and ultraviolet rays (Group T2). Group T3 served as treated control which included conventional therapy only.

Animals following induction of arthritis leads to recumbency, anorexia, dehydration, elevated rectal temperature as well as increased heart rate and respiration rate. Following application of various treatment these symptoms disappears almost in all groups. Recovery from pain after treatments was observed better in Group T1 where almost 3/4th of the animals of these groups had no sign of pain on palpation on day 14. A progressive improvement in flexion response towards normalcy was observed on 14th day in Group T1 followed by T2 and T3. In Group T2 and T3, the mean joint circumference remained significantly increased as compared to the base value till the end of observation period as compared to other treated groups. It is concluded that animals of Group T1 treated with infrared rays exhibited faster relieve of pain, high reduction in joint circumference, better weight bearing, better flexion (reduction in stiffness) as compared to T2 (Ultraviolet) and T3 (conventional therapy). Hence infrared rays could be considered as better therapeutic modalities over ultraviolet rays.

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How to Cite
CHOUDHARY, C. K.; SHARMA, A. K.; GUPTA, M. K.. Clinical and physical evaluation of infrared and ultraviolet treatment in arthritic buffalo calves. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 37, n. 3, p. 411-419, sep. 2018. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2021.
Arthritis, buffalo calves, infrared rays, physiotherapy, ultraviolet rays
Original Article