Clinical and ultrasonographic assessment of traumatic pericarditis and traumatic reticuloperitonitis in buffaloes

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Ankit Prajapati Prakash Chauhan Abhinav Suthar Kalpesh Patel Jignesh Patel

Abstract

Traumatic injury by a foreign body is a common cause of traumatic pericarditis (TP) and traumatic reticuloperitonitis in buffaloes. Both mimics almost the same clinical sign under field conditions. Clinical, hematobiochemical and ultrasonographic changes between TP and TRP cases in buffaloes were evaluated in the present study. From the period of January 2020 to December 2020, a total of twelve buffaloes were investigated with TP and TRP conditions. Six animals each suffering from TP and TRP were included along with six normal healthy animals as control. Different clinical signs, haemato-biochemical parameters and ultrasonographical findings were recorded in each group and comparative analysis was done. Brisket edema in TP affected buffaloes and arch back condition in TRP affected buffaloes was the common clinical finding. Ferroscopy was performed to confirm the location of foreign body. Jugular pulsation was noted in Group II as well as Group III buffalo. A significant increase in WBC count and a significant decrease in hematocrit was noted in Group III animals compared to healthy animals. SGOT and fibrinogen concentration was significantly increased in both group animals. Anechoic fluid accumulation in TP and thickening of the reticular wall in TRP were the most consistent ultrasonographic findings in buffaloes.

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PRAJAPATI, Ankit et al. Clinical and ultrasonographic assessment of traumatic pericarditis and traumatic reticuloperitonitis in buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 41, n. 4, p. 591-600, dec. 2022. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <https://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/BufBu/article/view/4782>. Date accessed: 29 jan. 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.56825/bufbu.2022.4144782.
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Original Article

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