Main Article Content
Effects of feeding with diets (D1 and D2), Crude protein (CP) 17.82% and CP;19.18% contents on dry matter intake, milk yield, and composition were compared for 20 Anatolian Water buffaloes, distributed in two groups (T, E). Diets did not affect DM intake of concentrate and silage among buffaloes. Milk yield got improved (4.93 to 5.63 kg d-1) (P<0.05) in buffaloes fed by a diet D2 (CP;19.18%) as compared to diet D1 (CP; 17.82%). In general, D1 and D2 diets did not cause any difference in the milk compositions examined of buffaloes on the other hand, using of sunflower cake should be encouraged on the buffalo’s farm.
Broderick, G.A. 2003. Effects of varying dietary protein and energy levels on the production of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 86(4): 1370-1381. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73721-7.
Cochran, W.G. and G.M. Cox. 1957. Experimental Designs, 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA. p. 536.
Chamberlain, A.T. and J.M. Wilkinson. 1998. Feeding the Dairy Cow. Chalcombe Publications, London, UK. 241p.
Cressman, S.G., D.G. Grieve, G.K. Macleod, E. Elizabeth, Wheeler and L.G. Young. 1980. Influence of dietary protein concentration on milk production by dairy cattle in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 63(11): 1839-1847. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(80)83149-3
Cunningham, K.D., M.J. Cecava, T.R. Johnson and P.A. Ludden. 1996. Influence of source and amount of dietary protein on milk yield by cows in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 79(4): 620-630. DOI: 10.3168/js. S0022-0302(96)76407-X.
Degirmencioglu, T., H. Unal and H. Kuraloglu. 2015. Comparison of extensive or semi-intensive feeding for Anatolian Water buffalo. Emir. J. Food Agr., 27(9): 712-715. DOI: 10.9755/ejfa.2015.04.07
Değirmencioğlu, T. 2016. Possibilities of evaluation of Anatolıan water buffaloes ın karaoglan vilage of Mustafakemalpasa district, Bursa. In The 3rd International Mustafa Kemal Paşa Symposium, Bursa, Turkiye.
Değirmencioğlu, T. 2020. Nutrition of Buffaloes Nobel Academic Publications, Ankara, Turkiye. 320p.
Değirmencioğlu, T. 2021. Chapter 6, Use of aromatic seeds as feed additives to improve the production of Anatolian water buffaloes. Advanced Studies in the 21st Century Animal Nutrition, London, UK. 12p. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.98999.83.
Foldager, J and J.T. Huber. 1979. Influence of protein percent and source on cows in early lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 62(6): 954-964. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(79)83354-8
Gardner, R.W. and R.I. Park. 1973. Protein requirements of cows fed high concentrate rations. J. Dairy Sci., 56(3): 390-394. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(73)85182-3
Grieve, D.G., Y. Wheeler, E.E. Yu and G.K. Macleod. 1980. Effects of dry or ensiled feeds and protein percent on milk production and nitrogen utilization by lactating cow. J. Dairy Sci., 63(8): 1389-1847. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(80)82977-8
Hugo, I., A.P.S. Flávio, M.M.B. Carla, S.C. Paulo and C.M. Júnio. 2010. Diet crude protein content and sources for lactating dairy cattle. Scientia Agricola, 67(1):16-22. DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162010000100003
Ipharraquerre, I.R. and J.H. Clark. 2005. Impacts of the source and amount of crude protein on the intestinal supply of nitrogen fractions and performance of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 88: E22-E37. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)73134-9
Kwan, K., C.E. Coppock, G.B. Lake, M.J. Fettman, L.E. Chase and R.E. McDowell. 1977. Use of urea by early postpartum Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci., 60(11): 1706-1724. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(77)84095-2
Leonardi, C., M. Stevenson and L.E. Armentano. 2003. Effect of two levels of crude protein and methionine supplementation on performance of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 86(12): 4033-4042. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)74014-4
Maynet, C.S. and F.J. Gordon. 1984. The effect of type of concentrate and level of concentrate feeding on milk production. Anim. Prod., 39(1): 65-76. DOI: 10.1017/S0003356100027628
Ministry of Agriculture and Villages. 2009. Türkiye Evcil Hayvan Genetik Kaynaklari. T.C. Tarim ve Köyişleri Bakanliği, Tarımsal Araştırmalar Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara, Turkiye. Available on: https://www.tarimorman.gov.tr/TAGEM/Belgeler/yayin/Katalog%20T%FCrk%E7e.pdf.
Morrow, D.A. 1976. Fat cow syndrome. J. Dairy Sci., 59(76): 1625-1629. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(76)84415-3
Muck, RE. 1982. Urease activity in bovine feces. J. Dairy Sci., 65(11): 2157-2163. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(82)82475-2
Mustafa, G.S., S. Ugur and G. Murat. 2017. Effects of dietary starch and crude protein levels on milk production and composition of dairy cows fed high concentrate diet. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 5(6): 563-567. DOI: 10.24925/turjaf.v5i6.563-567.718
NRC. 1978. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 5th ed. National Research Council (NRC). The National Academies Press, Washington DC., USA. 83p. DOI: 10.17226/20049
NCR. 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 7th ed. National Research Council (NRC). National Academy Press, Washington DC., USA. Available on: http://profsite.um.ac.ir/~kalidari/software/NRC/HELP/NRC%202001.pdf
Olmos Colmenoro, J.J. and G.A. Broderick. 2006. Effect of dietary crude protein concentration on milk production and nitrogen utilization in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 89(5): 1704-1712. DOI: 10.3168/jds. S0022-0302(06)72238-X.
Polan, C.E., C.N. Miller and M.L. McGilliard. 1976. Variable dietary protein and urea for intake and production in Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci., 59(11): 1910-1914. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(76)84460-8
Reynal, S.M. and G.A. Broderick. 2003. Effects of feeding dairy cows protein supplements of varying ruminal degradability. J. Dairy Sci., 86(3): 835-843. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73666-2
Robertson, J.B. and P.J. Van Soest. 1981. The detergent system of analysis and its application to human foods, p. 123-158. In James, W.P.T. and O. Theander (eds.) The Analysis of Dietary Fiber in Food. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA.
Roffler, R.E., L.D. Satter, A.R. Hardie and W.J. Tyler. 1978. Influence of dietary protein concentration on milk production by dairy cattle during early lactation. J. Dairy Sci., 61(10): 1422-1428. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(78)83744-8
SPSS. 2006. Statistical Package for Social Sciences Pc Version 15, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). SPSS Incorporation, Michigan Avenue, Chicago, USA.
Van Horn, H.H., E.A. Olaloku, J.R. Flores, S.P. Marshall and K.C. Bachman. 1976. Complete rations for dairy cattle. VI. Percent protein required with soybean meal supplementation of low-fiber rations for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 59(5): 902-906. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(76)84257-9
Van Horn, H.H., C.A. Zometa, C.J. Wilcox, S.P. Marshall and B. Harris. 1979. Complete rations for dairy cattle. VIII. Effect of percent and source of protein on milk yield and ration digestibility. J. Dairy Sci., 62(7): 1086-1093. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(79)83379-2
Wattiaux, M.A. and K.L. Karg. 2004. Protein level for alfalfa and corn silage-based diets: I. Lactational response and milk urea nitrogen. J. Dairy Sci., 87(10): 3480-3491. DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73483-9