Global trade competitiveness of Indian buffalo meat: Trends and determinants


  • Isha Sharma Symbiosis Institute of Operations Management, Nashik Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India
  • Kashish Arora Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
  • Sunny Kumar Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
  • Priyabrata Bhoi Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
  • Kamal Vatta Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India



Bubalus bubalis, buffaloes, buffalo meat export, determinants, RCA, Prais-Winsten algorithm


The study examines the performance of buffalo meat (HS-020230) trade globally and from India, assesses the export competitiveness of buffalo meat export, and identifies the determinants of export growth of buffalo meat from India. The study’s empirical finding reveals that India has approximately 54% of the world’s buffalo population and is one of the major buffalo meat suppliers to the international market. India’s proportion of worldwide buffalo meat exports has increased from 3.34% in 2000 to 11.23% in 2020. During TE 2020, India exported 3052.4 million USD worth of buffalo meat to the rest of the globe, and the single-largest reported destination for India’s buffalo exports was Vietnam, contributing 34% of India’s buffalo meat export. The study determines India’s competitiveness in the buffalo meat sector, and the results showed that China has RCA value greater than one, clearly indicating the strength of India in exporting meat to China. Buffalo population, total livestock population, and GDP of India have been identified as important determinants of the export of buffalo meat from India.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Abodolereza, A. and P. Racionzer. 2009. Food Outlook: Global Market Analysis (December 2009). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. 23-27.

Anjaneyulu, A.S.R., R. Thomas and N. Kondaiah. 2007. Technologies for value added buffalo meat products - A review. American Journal of Food Technology, 2(3): 104-114. DOI: 10.3923/ajft.2007.104.114a

Alexandratos, N. and J. Bruinsma. 2012. World Agriculture Towards 2030/2050: The 2012 Revision ESA Working Paper No 12-03, Agricultural Development Economics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. Available on:

Balassa, B. 1965. Trade liberalization and revealed comparative advantage. Manch. Sch. Econ. Soc., 33: 99-123. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9957.1965.tb00050.x

Cochrane, D. and G. Orcutt. 1949. Application of least squares regression to relationships containing auto-correlated error terms. J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 44(245): 32-61. DOI: 10.1080/01621459.1949.10483290

Cockrill, W.R. 1994. Present and future of buffalo production in the world. In The Proceedings of the 5th World Buffalo Congress, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Dielman, T. 2009. A note on hypothesis tests after correction for autocorrelation: Solace for the Cochrane-Orcutt method?. Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 8(1): 100-109. Available on:
FAOSTAT. 2020. STAT Database, Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome, Italy.

FICCI. 2013. Overview of The Indian Buffalo Meat Value Chain. Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, New Delhi, India. Available on:

GOI. 2012. The 19thLivestock Census-2012 All India Report, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi, India.

Joe., T. 2021. China is increasing imports of Brazilian beef and the Amazon rainforest is paying the price for it. Green Queen, Available on:

Kandanuri, V. 2019. Indian buffalo meat exports: Issues of growth, instability, concentration. Buffalo Bull., 38(3): 505-520. Available on:

Kaur, A., S. Chopra, M.S. Sidhu and P. Kataria. 2021. Analysis of export potential of buffalo meat in India. Buffalo Bull., 40(4): 609-623. Available on:

Kumar, A., S. Jee and C. Yadav. 2012. Export of buffalo meat from India: Performance and prospects. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 82(12): 1578-1583. Available on:

Landes, M., A.A. Melton and S. Edwards. 2016. From where the buffalo roam: India’s beef exports report. Economic Research Service, Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, USA. Available on:

Li, X.Z., C.G. Yan and L.S. Zan. 2018. Current situation and future prospects for beef production in China - A review. Asian Austral. J. Anim., 31(7): 984-994. DOI: 10.5713/ajas.18.0212

Magee, L. 1985. Efficiency of iterative estimators in the regression model with AR(1) disturbances. J. Econometrics, 29(3): 275-287. DOI: 10.1016/0304-4076(85)90156-3

Magee, L. 1989. An edgeworth test size correction for the linear model with AR(1) errors. The Econometric Society, 57(3): 661-674.

Majumdar, S., H. Jagnani and D. Jotwani. 2016. Indian Buffalo Meat Export Industry: Trends and Outlook. Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India Limited, New Delhi, India. Available on:

Nanda, A.S. and T. Nakao. 2003. Role of buffalo in the socioeconomic development of rural Asia: Current status and future prospectus. Anim. Sci. J., 74(6): 443-455. DOI: 10.1046/j.1344-3941.2003.00138.x

Naveena, B.M. and M. Kirant. 2014. Buffalo meat quality, composition, and processing characteristics: Contribution to the global economy and nutritional security. Anim. Frontiers, 4(4): 18-24. DOI: 10.2527/af.2014-0029

Parija, P. 2019. China's Crackdown on Illegal Meat Puts India's $2-bn Trade at Risk, Available on:

Prais, S.J. and C.B. Winsten. 1954. Trend estimators and serial correlation. Cowles Commission Discussion Paper, University of Chicago, Chicago, USA.

Park, R. and G. Mitchell. 1980. Estimating the autocorrelated error model with trended data. J. Econometrics, 13(2): 185-201. DOI: 10.1016/0304-4076(80)90014-7

Suhail, S.M., M.S. Qureshi, S. Khan and F.R. Durrani. 2009. Inheritance of economic traits of dairy buffaloes in Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 25: 87-93. Available on:

Suneja, K. 2016. Bovine meat exports fall on China ban, Brazil competition. The Economic Times News, Available on: competition/articleshow/51707051.cms?from=mdr

Wanapat, M. and S. Kang. 2013. World buffalo production: Challenges in meat and milk production, and mitigation of methane emission. Buffalo Bull., 32(Sppl. 1): 1-21. Available on:

Zia, M., J. Hansen, K. Hjort and C. Valdes. 2019. Brazil Once Again Becomes the World’s Largest Beef Exporter. Economic Research Service, United State Department of Agriculture, USA. Available on:




How to Cite

Sharma, I., Arora, K., Kumar, S., Bhoi, P., & Vatta, K. (2023). Global trade competitiveness of Indian buffalo meat: Trends and determinants. Buffalo Bulletin, 42(1), 105–124.



Review Article