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This report describes a case of laryngotracheaoesophageal compression due to giant benign hyperplastic thyroid in a Jaffarabadi buffalo and thyroidectomy to relieve from compressive symptoms. Physical, radiographical and ultrasonograhical findings confirmed enlarged thyroid. Under sedation and local analgesia, total thyroidectomy was performed via cervical midline approach and excised thyroid was submitted for further histopathological examination. Animal had an uneventful postoperative course and recovered well. Grossly, excised thyroid was of 30 cm x 10 cm in size and 850 g of weight. Both the lobes of the thyroid gland were symmetrically enlarged and had meaty appearance. Benign hypertrophy and hyperplasia was reported on the histopathological report of surgical specimen.