Raw Goat Milk Qualities from Thai Muslim Farms in Ayuthaya Province, Thailand, A Field Study Raw Goat Milk Qualities from Thai Muslim Farms in Ayuthaya Province, Thailand, A Field Study

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Varaporn Laksanalamai Sarah Fisseha

Abstract

In Thailand, goat milk farms are associated with Muslim communities where the big cluster is in the central and southern part of the country. The purpose of the paper is to survey the relation of farm management and feeding of 6 Thai Muslim farms in Ayuthaya province with the goat milk quality as mainly focused on the chemical and physical properties, fatty acids compositions, and volatile compounds affecting odor and flavor. Most farms feed their goats with natural grass and silage mixed with soybean meal but some farms may add commercial concentrate feeding and white popinac leaves (Leucaena leucocephala de wit) in each feeding meal. Our survey indicated the variation in goat milk quality which includes the intense off flavor and odor and fatty acid composition is influenced by insufficient feeding nutrition and poor farm management by some Muslim families. The neglected farm hygiene maybe one of the factors causing the unpleasant odour of goat milk. A percent fat, total solid, and specific gravity of goat milk from 6 farms were remarkably followed the standard values of Thai Agricultural Standard, (TAS 2010), whereas a percent protein, SNF, and freezing point were graded as sub-standard. The improvement of feeding stuff through high nutrition for dairy goats and proper farm management are recommended for these 6 small Muslim farms which will be the prototype farming for upgrade goat milk to the standard in all categories turning back higher income for small Muslim families in Ayuthaya province.

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How to Cite
LAKSANALAMAI, Varaporn; FISSEHA, Sarah. Raw Goat Milk Qualities from Thai Muslim Farms in Ayuthaya Province, Thailand, A Field Study. วารสารวิทยาศาสตร์เกษตรและการจัดการ, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 3, p. 63-77, jan. 2021. ISSN 2697-5378. Available at: <https://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/jasm/article/view/3926>. Date accessed: 17 may 2021.
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