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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Buffalo Bulletin is published by International Buffalo Information Center under the authorization of Office of University Library, Kasetsart University, Thailand. Contributions on any aspect of research or development, progress report of projects and news on buffalo will be considered for publication in the bulletin.

General editorial policies

Authorship criteria

Authorship is restricted to those who (1) have contributed substantially to one or more of the following aspects of the work and (2) are willing to assume public responsibility for the validity of the work.


Copyright to published manuscripts becomes the sole property of International Buffalo Information Center.

Criteria for manuscript acceptance

Manuscript acceptability is based on clarity of objectives; originality; appropriateness of the experimental design, methods and statistical analysis; substance of the results; thoroughness with which the results are discussed; and appropriateness of the conclusions.

Following acceptance of a paper and prior to publication, the author will be received the acceptance letter.

Manuscript requirements 

Manuscripts preparation

Manuscripts on original research in English language should include at least the following elements.


If working with Word please use our Word templates.


  • Full title (be concise)
  • Name(s) of author(s) and the affiliation with complete


  • An abstract not exceeding 250 words; all acronyms and abbreviations defined; no references cited. State what, where and how it was done, major
  • Five key

Introduction. Review pertinent work, cite key references, explain importance of the research, and state objectives of your work.

Materials and Methods. Provide sufficient detail so work can be repeated. Describe new methods in detail; accepted methods briefly with references.

Use of trade names. Trade names are to be avoided in defining products whenever possible.

Use of abbreviations and acronyms. At first text use, define in parentheses. Do not use abbreviations and acronyms in titles.

Results and discussion. Present results concisely using figures and tables as needed. Do not present the same information in figures and tables. Discuss principles and relationship, point out exception. Show agreement with published research work. The significances of work or conductions should be presented in the end of discussion.

Tables. Number each table with Arabic numerals. Place a descriptive caption at the top of each table.

Figures. (graphs, charts, line drawings, photographs) Number each figure with Arabic numerals under the illustration. Lettering, data lines and symbols must be sufficiently large so as to be clearly visible when the figure is reduced to a size commonly used in the journal.

References. List only those references cited in the text. Required format of described below.

Reference cited format

Manuscripts should follow the name-year reference format. Cite only necessary publications. Primary rather than secondary references should be cited, when possible. It is acceptable to cite work that is “in press” (i.e., accepted but not yet published) with the pertinent year and volume number of the reference.

In text. Cite publications in text with author name and year. Three or more authors use “et al.”. In parenthetical citations, separate author and year with a comma. Use suffixes a, b and c to separate publications in same year by the same author. Semi-colon separate citations of different authors. Cite two or more publications of different authors in chronological sequence, from earliest to latest. For example:

………….used liquid nitrogen vapour freezing technique from Verma et al. (1975)

………….liquid nitrogen vapour freezing technique (Verma et al., 1975)

………….and buffaloes (Singh et al., 1983; Shah et al., 1987; Misra, 1996; Pant et al., 2002)

In reference cited. List only those literature cited in the text. References should be listed alphabetically by the first author’s last name. Single author precedes same author with co-authors. Type references flush left as separate paragraphs. Do not indent manually. Write the name of book or journal in italic letters. Use the following format.

Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal's name according to the Journal List of Journal Title Abbreviations, Web of Science, see

  • Journal articles: Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal title, volume number: inclusive

Example: Citation in text: Chaudhary et al. (1981)

Choudhary, P.C., B. Prasad and S.K. Misra. 1981. Note on the use of rumen liquor in the treatment of chronic alkaline indigestion in cows. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 51: 356-360.

  • Books: Author(s) or editor(s). Year. Title. Publisher name, Place of Number of pages.

Example: Citation in text: Snedecor and Cochram. 1980.

Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochram. 1980. Statistical Methods, 7th ed. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA. 593p.

Sattar, A. 1995. Studies on the effect of immunopotentiation of vaccinated pregnant buffaloes and cows on neonatal antibody titre and hematological profile. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. 208p.

  • Chapter: Author(s) of the chapter. Year. Title of the chapter, pages of the In author(s) or editor(s). Title of the book. Publisher name, Place of publication.

Example: Citation in text: Sloss and Dufty (1980)

Sloss, V. and J.H. Dufty. 1980. Disorders during pregnancy, p. 88-97. In Sloss, V. and J.H. Dufty (eds.) Handbook of Bovine Obstetrics. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, U.S.A.

Sabrani, M., K. Diwyanto and M. Winugroho. 1994. A critical review of buffalo research and development activities in Indonesia. Past performanceand future strategies, p. 78-89. In Proceedings of 1st Asian Buffalo Association Congress, Thailand.

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