Study of genetic and non genetic factors affecting age at first calving and wet average in Mehsana buffaloes

Main Article Content

G. A. Parmar J. P. Gupta J. D. Chaudhari D. P. Pandey B. M. Prajapati R. N. Sathwara P. A. Patel

Abstract

Mehsana buffalo is one of the best dairy breed of buffalo in Gujarat state. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of non-genetic factors on Age at first calving (AFC) and Wet average (WA). The data set comprised 12560 records up to three lactations of 7870 Mehsana buffaloes, sired by 200 bulls from 1989 to 2013 under field progeny testing programme of Dudhsagar Research and Development Association (DURDA), Dudhsagar Dairy, Mehsana. The least squares maximum likelihood (LSML) program was used for estimation of various non-genetic factors on AFC and WA. The least squares mean with standard error of AFC and WA were 1383.30±3.50 days and 7.00±0.22 lit. Highly significant (P<0.01) effect of season and period of birth was recorded on AFC however, effect of clusters on AFC was observed to be non-significant (P<0.05). Further, highly significant (P≤0.01) effect of all the non-genetic factors (parities, season of calving, clusters, period of calving and age at first calving group) under study was observed on wet average in Mehsana buffaloes. The heritability of AFC and WA were estimated as0.11±0.02 and 0.34±0.03 respectively. Heritability of traits are useful for prediction of genetic response to selection and measure for accuracy in selection. Very high and significant estimate of heritability of WA. It was concluded that selection of Mehsana buffaloes may be based on this production trait in the herd.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
PARMAR, G. A. et al. Study of genetic and non genetic factors affecting age at first calving and wet average in Mehsana buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 38, n. 1, p. 11-17, mar. 2019. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <http://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/BufBu/article/view/1110>. Date accessed: 22 may 2019.
Section
Original Article