Study of prevalence of different fungal species in calf feed and comparative antifungal efficacy of methanolic extracts of indigenous plants against Aspergillus species

Main Article Content

O. Naseer J. A. Khan M. S. Khan M. O. Omer K. M. Anjum J. Naseer M. L. Sohail

Abstract

Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by different fungus species which are harmful both for the animals and human beings. In this study, feed samples were taken from different livestock farms and commercial feed mills and levels of aflatoxin B1 and prevalence of Aspergillus species in each sample was recorded. The anti-fungal potential of different plant extracts was also evaluated. The aflatoxin B1 was measured by HPLC. Results showed Aflatoxin B1 was most prevalent in feed collected from the farms as compared to commercial feed mills. Six genera of fungus were found and 14 species of these six genera were identified. Comparative efficacy of methanolic extracts of garlic (Allium sativum L.), clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and neem (Azadirachta indica) were determined by agar well diffusion method. Garlic (Allium sativum L.) showed significantly higher antifungal activity followed by clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and neem (Azadirachta indica) at (P<0.05).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
NASEER, O. et al. Study of prevalence of different fungal species in calf feed and comparative antifungal efficacy of methanolic extracts of indigenous plants against Aspergillus species. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 37, n. 2, p. 181-190, june 2018. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <http://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/BufBu/article/view/36>. Date accessed: 20 july 2018.
Keywords
Aflatoxin B1, HPLC, Aspergillus spp., Allium sativum L, Syzygium aromaticum, Azadirachta indica.
Section
Original Article