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The study was carried out on 36 naturally infected buffaloes with Theileria annulata, to determine the clinical markers, hemato-biochemical and oxidative stress parameters alterations. The clinical markers recorded in infected buffaloes were fever, enlargement of pre-scapular lymph nodes, pale mucosae, anorexia, thin mucoid nasal discharge along with melanic faeces and corneal opacity as clinical signs which might be considered as clinical markers of theleriosis in buffaloes in the semi arid zone of the region. Hemato-bichemical and oxidative stress parameters alterations revealed significant decrease in red blood cells (RBC) and haemoglobin (Hb) concentration in the infected animals, compared to the control ones. Increased lipid peroxidation (LPO) and decrease in the levels superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in infected animals, compared to the control ones. It can be concluded that theleriosis in buffaloes may lead to anemia which might be attributed due to increased oxidative stress.
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