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A 9 year old Jaffarabadi buffalo in her first parity and approximate Ten month pregnancy with history of dystocia was presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, JAU, Junagadh. The buffalo was treated by local veterinarian and case was referred to the college clinics for further investigation and treatment. During manual obstetrical examination, the cervix was found fully open with the huge fluid filled in the head, marked enlargement of the cranium and foetal extremities were very difficult to palpate. On the basis of clinical observations and obstetrical examination, the case was diagnosed as dystocia due to foetal hydrocephalus. Dead male fetus having 25 liters of fluid in the cranium was delivered through cesarean section.