Lateral ear canal resection for the treatment of chronic otorrhoea in buffaloes

Main Article Content

Vandana Sangwan Ashwani Kumar http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9879-558X

Abstract

The study was aimed to surgically treat the buffaloes suffering from chronic otorrhoea. It was a prospective clinical study with a compilation of case reports. The study investigated 8 adult buffaloes suffering from chronic otorrhoea associated with accumulation of calcified pus in the horizontal ear canal. These 8 buffaloes were refractory to ear canal flushing and medicinal treatment. Resection of the lateral ear canal was carried out under sedation using inj. xylazine 0.025 mg/Kg or inj. midazolam 0.2 mg/Kg, intravenously and local infiltration anaesthesia (2% lignocaine hydrochloride). Majority of buffaloes recovered uneventfully within 2 weeks; one buffalo took 5 to 6 weeks for complete recovery. The surgical technique was found to be a simple, clinically relevant, and feasible under field settings. This communication recommends surgical resection of the lateral ear canal for the treatment of chronic otorrhoea in buffaloes to remove the calcified pus accumulated in the horizontal canal and to facilitate drainage in clinical cases of otorrhoea refractory to ear canal flushing and / or conservative medicinal treatment.

Article Details

How to Cite
SANGWAN, Vandana; KUMAR, Ashwani. Lateral ear canal resection for the treatment of chronic otorrhoea in buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 40, n. 1, p. 205-212, mar. 2021. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <https://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/BufBu/article/view/2566>. Date accessed: 26 oct. 2021.
Section
Case Report

References

Baba, A.I., O. Rotaru and G. Rapuntean. 1988. Middle ear infection in suckling and weaned calves. Morphol Embryol (Bucur)., 34(4): 271-275.
Bruhn, S.R. and R.L. Grier. 1980. Surgical treatment for chronic otitis externa; Lateral ear resection. Iowa State Veterinarian, 42(3): 125-127. Available on: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/38907025.pdf
Dilip Kumar, D., B.V. Shivaprakash, M. Naveen., S.P. Manjunath and M.N.K. Kumar. 2017. Surgical management of chronic otorrhoea in a bullock. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery, 38(2): 130.
Duarte, E.R. and J.G. Hamdan. 2004. Otitis in cattle, an etiology review. J. Vet. Med., B5: 1-7.
Francoz, D., G. Fecteau, A. Desrochers and M. Fortin. 2004. Otitis media in dairy calves: A retrospective study of 15 cases (1987 to 2002). Can. Vet. J., 45(8): 661-666.
Ladds, P.W., D.M. Copeman, P. Daniels and K.F. Trueman. 1972. Raillietia auris and otitis media in cattle in northern Queensland. Aust. Vet. J., 48(9): 532-533. DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1972.tb02324.x
Maeda, T., T. Shibahara, K. Kimura, Y. Wada, K. Sato, Y. Imada, Y. Ishikawa and K. Kadota. 2003. Mycoplasma bovis-associated suppurative otitis media and pneumonia in bull calves. J. Comp. Pathol., 129(2-3): 100-110. DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9975(03)00009-4
Mouli, S.P. 1990. Chronic otorrhoeas and their surgical management in buffaloes. Indian Vet. J., 67: 657-659.
Rani, N.L. 2010. Clinico-diagnostic and therapeutic studies on otitis in buffaloes. Ph.D. Thesis, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati, India.
Vestweber, J.G. 1999. Otitis media/interna in cattle. Comp. Cont. Educ. Pract., 21: 34-38.
Walz, P.H., T.P. Mullaney, J.A. Render, R.D. Walker, T. Mosser and J.C. Baker. 1997. Otitis media in preweaned Holstein dairy calves in Michigan due to Mycoplasma bovis. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest., 9(3): 250-254. DOI: 10.1177/104063879700900305
Yeruham, I., D. Elad and M. Liberboim. 1999. Clinical and microbiological study of an otitis media outbreak in calves in a dairy herd. J. Vet. Med. B., 46: 145-150. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0450.1999.00187.x