Pathological study of acute fasciolosis in a buffalo

Main Article Content

Rakesh Kumar Devina Sharma Rupali Masand Abhishek Kumar Rajesh Kumar Asrani

Abstract

A 12 year old female buffalo with the history of fever, anorexia and hemoglobinuria was presented to Multispecialty Veterinary Hospital at DGCN College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, CSKHPKV, Palampur. The necropsy examination of the animal showed severe hepatomegaly with dirty fibrin threads attached with the liver, yellowish discoloration, necro- hemorrhagic tracts, presence of leaf like flukes in the liver and hydro peritoneum. The petechial hemorrhages were evident in the peritoneal surface and intestinal mucosa. The epicardial and endocardial hemorrhages were quite evident in the heart. Severe hydrothorax and pulmonary oedema were also recorded during the necropsy. Histopathological evaluation of liver showed coagulative necrosis, hemorrhages, extrahepatic jaundice, mild bile duct hyperplasia, hydropic degeneration and hemosiderosis. The parasite was later on identified as F. gigantica leading to cholangio-hepatitis creating anaerobic conditions and fastidious growth of clostridial organisms. The hypoproteinaemia and toxemia all together led to the death of animal.

Article Details

How to Cite
KUMAR, Rakesh et al. Pathological study of acute fasciolosis in a buffalo. Buffalo Bulletin, [S.l.], v. 40, n. 1, p. 189-194, mar. 2021. ISSN 2539-5696. Available at: <https://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/BufBu/article/view/2829>. Date accessed: 30 july 2021.
Section
Case Report

References

Byrne, A.W., S. McBride, J. Graham, A. Lahuerta-Marin, J. AcNair, R.A. Skuce and S.W. McDowell. 2018. Liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) co-infection with bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle: A retrospective animal-level assessment of bTB risk in dairy and beef cattle. Transbound. Emerg. Dis., 66(2): 785-796. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13083
Mas-Coma, S., M.D. Bargues and M.A. Valero. 2005. Fascioliasis and other plant-borne trematode zoonoses. Int. J. Parasitol., 35(11-12): 1255-1278. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2005.07.010
Moghaddam, A.S., J. Massoud, M. Mahmoodi, A.H. Mahvi and M.V. Periago. 2004. Human and animal fascioliasis in Mazandaran province, Northern Iran. Parasitol. Res., 94(1): 61-69. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-004-1169-6
Piedrafita, D., T.W. Spithill, R.E. Smith and H.W. Raadsma. 2010. Improving animal and human health through understanding liver fluke immunology. Parasite Immunol., 3(8): 572-581. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3024.2010.01223.x
Robinson, M.W. and J.P. Dalton. 2009. Zoonotic helminth infections with particular emphasis on fasciolosis and other trematodiases. Philos. T. R. Soc. B., 364(1530): 2763-2776. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0089
Raina, O.K., S.S. Jacob, M. Sankar, D. Bhattacharya, S. Bandyopadyay, A. Varghese, J.K. Chamuah and H. Lalrinkima. 2013. Genetic characterization of Fasciola gigantica from different geographical regions of India by ribosomal DNA markers. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 39(1): 27-32. DOI: 10.1007/s12639.013.0276.7
Singh, S.K.R. and H.D. Srivastava. 1977. Diagnosis and Treatment of Helminth Infections. Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Smith, B.P. 2014. Large Animal Internal Medicine, 5th ed. Mosby, Elsevier Health Sciences, London, UK.
Spithill, T.W. and J.P. Dalton. 1998. Progress in development of liver fluke vaccines. Parasitol. Today, 14(6): 224-228. DOI: 10.1016/s0169-4758(98)01245-9