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Lipomatosis, muscular hypertrophy and anasarca are three different pathological conditions that are occasionally reported in bovine fetuses at the time of parturition. These conditions may or may not cause dystocia depending upon the extent of pathology and complications associated with them. Dystocia occurs if generalized pathology is present in fetus that results in increased fetal size which can cause feto-maternal disproportion and often requires obstetrical intervention upon appropriate diagnosis. The present case report describes dystocia due to multiple fetal pathologies viz. lipomatosis, muscular hypertrophy and anasarca and its successful management through partial fetotomy in a buffalo.
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