Main Article Content
The present study was conducted on 76 buffaloes and 71 cattles carcasses. The carcasses were examined to know the cause of the death, and the omasum and abomasum were thoroughly examined for impactions. It was possible to divide the impactions into two categories- related to the diet and associated with other diseases. The overall prevalence of omasal impaction and abomasal impaction was 29.2% and 8.2%, respectively. Both primary omasal impaction and abomasal impactions were associated with wheat straw. The overall prevalence of omasal impaction was significantly (P<0.05) higher in buffaloes than cattle but did not differ significantly (P<0.05) between different age groups. The prevalence of abomasal impaction did not differ significantly (P<0.05) between cattle and buffaloes. Both omasal and abomasal impaction were mostly secondary to other diseases. The common causes of secondary omasal impaction were traumatic reticuloperitonitis/pericarditis, intestinal obstruction, peritonitis and theleriosis. The common causes of abomasal impaction were traumatic reticuloperitonitis/pericarditis and abomasal ulceration. The present established causes of secondary omasal impaction are a new finding and an addition to current knowledge on omasal impaction. This study suggests predisposition of buffaloes to omasal impaction.
Athar, H., J. Mohindroo, K. Singh, T. Singh and O. Singh. 2011. Diagnosis and surgical management of abomasal impaction in bovines. Indian Vet. J., 88(1): 36-38.
Hussain, S.A. and S.K. Uppal. 2012. Rumen impaction in buffaloes: A haemato-biochemical study. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 82(4): 369-373.
Hussain, S.A. and S.K. Uppal. 2014. Haemato-biochemical changes and peritoneal fluid cytology in clinical cases of bovine peritonitis. Indian J. Anim. Res., 48(2): 188-193. DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0555.48.2.039
Hussain, S.A. and S.K. Uppal. 2015. A study on the prevalence and some epidemiological features of gastrointestinal impaction disorders in cattle and buffaloes of Punjab area. J. Anim. Res., 5(3): 511-518. DOI: 10.5958/2277-940X.2015.00087.X
Hussain, S.A., S.K. Uppal, C.S. Randhawa and N.K. Sood. 2015. Bovine intestinal obstruction: Blood gas analysis, serum C-reactive protein and clinical, haematological and biochemical alterations. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 43(2): 224-230. DOI: 10.1080/09712119.2014.963093
Hussain, S.A., S.K. Uppal, C.S. Randhawa, C.N. Bhutia, N. Hassan and L.M. Dar. 2012. Clinical findings and haemato-biochemical alterations in caecal dilatation of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Int. J. Livest. Res., 2(3): 127-132.
Hussain, S.A., S.K. Uppal, C.S. Randhawa, N.K. Sood and S.K. Mahajan. 2013. Clinical characteristics, hematology, and biochemical analytes of primary omasal impaction in bovines. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 37(3): 329-336. DOI: 10.3906/vet-1205-31
Hussain, S.A., S.K. Uppal, C.S. Randhawa, S.K. Mahajan and B.K. Bansal. 2018. Hemato-biochemical and blood acid base gas alterations in bovine traumatic pericarditis. Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir Journal of Research, 20(1): 43-48.
Imran, S., S.P. Tyagi, A. Kumar and A. Sharma. 2011. Ultrasonographic imaging of normal and impacted omasum in Indian crossbred cows. Veterinary Medicine International, DOI: 10.4061/2011/485031
Radostits, O .M., C.C. Gay, K. Hinchcliff and P.D. Constable. 2007. Veterinary Medicine, A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs, and Goats, 10th ed. Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, USA.
Sharma, A.K., P.S. Dhaliwal and C.S. Randhawa. 2015. Epidemiological studies on forestomach disorders in cattle and buffaloes. Vet. World, 8(9): 1063-1067. DOI: 10.14202/vetworld.2015.1063-1067
Simkins, K.M. and M.J. 1997. Omasal and abomasal impaction in beef suckler cows. Vet. Rec., 141(18): 466-468. DOI: 10.1136/vr.141.18.466
Toor, A.S. and N.S. Saini. 2008. Diagnostic and prognostic indicator of omasal impaction in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Vet. Rec., 162(9): 275-278. DOI: 10.1136/vr.162.9.275
Turkar, S. and S.K. Uppal. 2007. Blood biochemical and ruminal liquor profile in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) showing omasal impaction. Vet. Res. Commun., 31(8): 967-975. DOI: 10.1007/s11259-007-0027-2