Main Article Content
The present study was undertaken to identify the difference in sperm kinematics in Murrah buffalo bulls in different seasons. Eight Murrah buffalo bulls maintained at Artificial Breeding Research Centre, ICAR-NDRI Karnal. Frozen semen samples of the bulls were obtained and sperm kinematic parameters were measured by computer-assisted sperm analyzer. The sperm kinematic parameters included curvilinear velocity (VCL), linear velocity (VSL), average path velocity (VAP), distance of average path (DAP), distance straight line (DSL), straightness coefficient (STR), linearity (LIN), amplitude of lateral head displacement (ALH), and beat cross frequency (BCF). Morphological abnormality of sperm includes bent tail (BT), coiled tail (CT), distal droplets (DD) and distal mid-piece reflex (DMR). Analysis revealed that the proportion of BT was significantly (P<0.05) lower in winter and autumn season as compared to summer and rainy season. Percent of total motile and progressive motile sperm was significantly (P<0.05) higher in winter season as compared to summer and rainy season. The VAP, VSL and VCL of sperm motion were significantly (P<0.05) higher in winter and autumn season as compared to the summer season. The DAP and STR were significantly (P<0.05) higher in winter and autumn season as compared to summer and rainy season. DSL and LIN were significantly (P<0.05) lower in summer and rainy season followed by autumn and winter season. Post-thaw motility and motion parameter varied significantly between seasons, and higher sperm motility was maintained in semen cryopreserved in winter followed by autumn, rainy and summer season.
Amann, R.P. and D. Waberski. 2014. Computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA): Capabilities and potential developments. Theriogenology, 81(1): 5-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2013.09.004
Andrabi, S.M.H. 2009. Factors affecting the quality of cryopreserved buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull spermatozoa. Reprod. Domest. Anim., 44(3): 552-569. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01240.x
Argov-Argaman, N., K. Mahgrefthe, Y. Zeron and Z. Roth. 2013. Season-induced variation in lipid composition is associated with semen quality in Holstein bulls. Reproduction, 145(5): 479-489. DOI: 10.1530/REP-12-0498
Argov-Argaman, N., D. Sklan, Y. Zeron and Z. Roth. 2007. Association between seasonal changes in fatty-acid composition, expression of VLDL receptor and bovine sperm quality. Theriogenology, 67(4): 878-885. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2006.10.018
Bhakat, M., T.K. Mohanty, A.K. Gupta, S. Prasad, A.K. Chakravarty and H.M. Khan. 2015. Effect of season on semen quality parameters in Murrah buffalo bulls. Buffalo Bull., 34(1): 100-112. Available on: http://ibic.lib.ku.ac.th/e-bulletin/IBBU201501013.pdf
Broekhuijse, M.L., E. Sostaric, H. Feitsma and B.M. Gadella. 2012. Application of computerassisted semen analysis to explain variations in pig fertility. J. Anim. Sci., 90(3): 779-789. DOI: 10.2527/jas.2011-4311
Gilad, E., R. Meian, A. Berman, Y. Graber and D. Wolfenson. 1993. Effect of heat stress on tonic and GnRH- induced gonadotrophin secretion in relation to concentration of oestradiol in plasma of cyclic cows. J. Reprod. Fertil., 99(2): 315-321. DOI: 10.1530/jrf.0.0990315
Graham, J.K. and E. Moce. 2005. Fertility evaluation of frozen/thawed semen. Theriogenology, 64(3): 492-504. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2005.05.006
Heuer, C., M.N. Tahir and H. Amjad. 1987. Effect of season on fertility of frozen buffalo semen. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 13(1): 15-21. DOI: org/10.1016/0378-4320(87)90115-1
Kastelic, J.P., R.B. Cook, R.A. Pierson and G.H. Coulter. 2001. Relationship among scrotal and testicular characteristics, sperm production, and seminal quality in 129 beef bulls. Can. J. Vet. Res., 65(2): 111-115.
Kathiravan, P., J. Kalatharan, M.J. Edwin and C. Veerapandian. 2008. Computer automated motion analysis of crossbred bull spermatozoa and its relationship with in vitro fertility in zona-free hamster oocytes. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 104(1): 9-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2007.01.002
Koonjaenak, S., P. Pongpeng, S. Wirojwuthikul, A. Johannisson, A. Kunavongkrit and H. Rodriguez-Martinez. 2007. Seasonality affects post-thaw plasma membrane intactness and sperm velocities in spermatozoa from Thai AI swamp buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Theriogenology, 67(9): 1424-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2007.02.010
Kumar, D., P. Kumar, P. Singh, S.P. Yadav, S.K. Sarkar, A. Bharadwaj and P.S. Yadav. 2014. Characteristics of frozen thawed semen in predicting the fertility of buffalo bulls. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 84(4): 389-392. Available on: https://krishi.icar.gov.in/jspui/bitstream/123456789/7994/1/D%20Kumar.pdf
Kumaresan, A. and M.R. Ansari. 2001. Evaluation of conception rate in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) with reference tosemen quality, oestrus stage and inseminator. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 71(2): 144-145.
Kumaresan, A., A. Johannisson, P. Humblot and A. Bergqvist. 2012. Oviductal fluid modulates the dynamics of tyrosine phosphorylation in cryopreserved boar spermatozoa during capacitation. Mol. Reprod. Dev., 79(8): 525-540. DOI: 10.1002/mrd.22058
Malama, E., Y. Zeron, F. Janett, M. Siuda, Z. Roth and H. Bollwein. 2017. Use of computer-assisted sperm analysis and flow cytometry to detect seasonal variations of bovine semen quality. Theriogenology, 87: 79-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.08.002
Mayahi, S., M. Mamouei, S. Tabatabaei and K. Mirzadeh. 2014. Reproductive characteristics and thyroidal function in relation with season in Khuzestan buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls. Veterinary Research Forum, 5(3): 201-205.
McEntee, E. 1990. Reproductive Pathology of Domestic Mammals. Academic Press, New York, USA. p. 224-251.
Menegassi, S.R.O., J.O.J. Barcellos, E.A. Dias, C.Jr. Koetz, G.R. Pereira, V. Peripolli, C. McManus, M.E.A. Canozzi and F.G. Lopes. 2014. Infrared digital thermography as a predictor of seasonal effects on sperm traits in Braford bulls. Int. J. Biometeorol., 59(3): 357-364. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-014-0847-z
Muino, R., M.M. Rivera, T. Rigau, J.E. Rodriguez-Gil and A.I. Pena. 2008. Effect of different thawing rates on post-thaw sperm viability, kinematic parameters and motile sperm subpopulations structure of bull semen. Anim. Reprod. Sci., 109(1-4): 50-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2007.11.028
Nitharwal, K., P. Singh, M. Bhakat, A. Chaurasia, M. Abdullah and C. Prabha. 2017. Effect of season on semen quality parameters in Murrah buffalo. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 87: 64-69.
Orgal, S., Y. Zeron, N. Elior, D. Biran, E. Friedman, S. Druker and Z. Roth. 2012. Season-induced changes in bovine sperm motility following a freeze thaw procedure. J. Reprod. Develop., 58(2): 212-218. DOI: 10.1262/jrd.10-149n
Perumal, P., N. Savino, C.T.R. Sangma, M.H. Khan, E. Ezung, S. Chang and T.Z.T. Sangtam. 2017. Seasonal effect on physiological, reproductive and fertility profiles in breeding mithun bulls. Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction, 6(6): 268-278. DOI: 10.4103/2305-0500.217342
Perumal, P., S.K. Srivastava, S.K. Ghosh and K.K. Baruah. 2014. Computer-assisted sperm analysis of freezable and nonfreezable Mithun (Bos frontalis) semen. Journal of Animals, 2014: 1-6. DOI: 10.1155/2014/675031.
Rahman, M.B., L. Vandaele, T. Rijsselaere, D. Maes, M. Hoogewijs, A. Frijters, J. Noordman, A. Granados, E. Dernelle, M. Shamsuddin, J.J. Parrish and A. Van Soom. 20011. Scrotal insulation and its relationship to abnormal morphology, chromatin protamination and nuclear shape of spermatozoa in Holstein-Friesian and Belgian Blue bulls. Theriogenology, 76(7): 1246-1257. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2011.05.031
Sellem, E., M.L.W.J. Broekhuijse, L. Chevrier, S. Camugli, E. Schmitt, L. Schibler and E.P. Koenen. 2015. Use of combinations of in-vitro quality assessments to predict fertility of bovine semen. Theriogenology, 84(9): 1447-1454. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2015.07.035
Setchell, B.P. 2006. The effects of heat on testes of mammals. Anim. Reprod., 3(2): 81-91. Available on: https://www.animal-reproduction.org/article/5b5a607ef7783717068b47c0/pdf/animreprod-3-2-81.pdf
Shafie, M.M. and M.M. Abou El-Khair. 1970. Activity of the sebaceous glands of bovines in hot climate (Egypt). J. Anim. Prod., 10: 81-98.
Singh, M. and H.C. Pant. 2000. Effect of post thaw incubation on semen quality of buffalo bulls comparision with cattle. Buffalo Bull., 19(3): 51-54. Available on: http://ibic.lib.ku.ac.th/e-Bulletin/IBBU200000012.pdf
Singh, P., B.P. Sengupta and V.N. Tripathi. 2001. Effect of multiple showering and vitamin supplementation on sexual behavior, quality and freezability of buffalo bull semen. Asian Austral. J. Anim., 14(2): 184-188. DOI: 10.5713/ajas.2001.184
Singh, R.K., A. Kumaresan, M.A. Mir, P. Kumar, S. Chhillar, U.K. Tripathi, S.K. Rajak, S. Nayak and T.K. Mohanty. 2017. Computer assisted sperm analysis: Relationship between the movement characteristics of buffalo spermatozoa and sire fertility. Indian J. Anim. Res., 51(4): 660-664. DOI: 10.18805/ijar.10768
Thibier, M. and H.G. Wagner. 2002. World statistics for artificial insemination in cattle. Livest. Prod. Sci., 74(2): 203-212. DOI: 10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00291-3
Valeanu, S., A. Johannisson, N. Lundeheim and J.M. Morrell. 2015. Seasonal variation in sperm quality parameters in Swedish red dairy bulls used for artificial insemination. Livest. Sci., 173: 111-118.
Wang, W., J. Luo, S. Sun, L. Xi, Q. Gao, A.B. Haile, H. Shi, W. Zhang and H. Shi. 2015. The effect of season on spermatozoa motility, plasma membrane and acrosome integrity in fresh and frozen-thawed semen from Xinong Saanen bucks. Reprod. Domest. Anim., 50(1): 23-28. DOI: 10.1111/rda.12444