A hormone-based therapeutic strategy to reduce non-productive period in anestrus buffaloes during breeding and non-breeding season under field conditions


  • Mahantswamy  Kumarswamy Mallikerimath Government Hospital Shiggaon Tq, Karnataka, India
  • Sarvpreet Singh Ghuman Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Punjab, India
  • Bilawal Singh Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Punjab, India




Bubalus bubalis, buffaloes, dairy household, estrus, hormones, season


Sixty anestrus Murrah buffaloes were evaluated for the success rate of progesterone (P4) + estrogen (E2) + equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) protocol (Breeding season, BS=15; Non-breeding season, NBS=15) and estradoublesynch protocol (BS=15; NBS=15). The buffaloes subjected to P4+E2+eCG had higher (P>0.05) estrus induction response compared to estradoublesynch during BS (86.0 vs 80.0%, respectively) and NBS (73.3 vs 66.6%, respectively). Estrus period score at induced estrus in buffaloes subjected to either of protocols in BS or NBS was not different (P>0.05), however, pregnancy rate was lower (P<0.05) in buffaloes exhibiting <50 estrus period score in comparison to those exhibiting >50 score. Further, pregnancy rate (induced + spontaneous estrus) was better (P>0.05) using P4+E2+eCG compared to estradoublesynch protocol (73.3 vs 63.3%). In addition, the interval between start of a protocol and conception in P4+E2+eCG was less compared to estradoublesynch (P>0.05; 13.9±1.3 vs 17.5±3.1 days). In summary, P4+E2+eCG protocol is a better hormone-based strategy compared to estradoublesynch for anestrus buffaloes during breeding and non-breeding season under field conditions.


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Author Biographies

Mahantswamy  Kumarswamy Mallikerimath, Government Hospital Shiggaon Tq, Karnataka, India

Sarvpreet Singh Ghuman, Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Punjab, India

Sarvpreet Singh Ghuman


Bilawal Singh, Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Punjab, India


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How to Cite

Mallikerimath, M. K., Ghuman, S. S., & Singh, B. (2022). A hormone-based therapeutic strategy to reduce non-productive period in anestrus buffaloes during breeding and non-breeding season under field conditions. Buffalo Bulletin, 41(4), 669–681. https://doi.org/10.56825/bufbu.2022.4143568



Original Article

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