ล้มแล้วลุกเร็ว: ทักษะสำคัญของครูอาจารย์เพื่อคุณภาพชีวิตที่ดี | Resilience: An Essential Skill for Teacher Well-being

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สติมา โรจนวงศ์ชัย


                   ครูอาจารย์เป็นอาชีพที่แบกรับความเครียดและความกดดันรอบด้าน ซึ่งทำให้เกิดวิกฤติภาวะหมดไฟและการลาออกของครูอาจารย์ คุณภาพชีวิตของครูอาจารย์ได้รับความสนใจมากขึ้นในวงการการศึกษาทั่วโลกในแง่ของการศึกษาปัจจัยที่ทำให้ครูอาจารย์ตัดสินใจออกจากวิชาชีพ และหนทางที่จะช่วยให้สามารถจัดการความเครียดและปัญหาจากการเรียนการสอน โดยมุ่งเน้นความร่วมมือทั้งจากตัวครูอาจารย์เองและบริบทแวดล้อม ในส่วนทักษะเฉพาะของครูอาจารย์ที่ได้รับความสนใจมากขึ้นคือทักษะล้มแล้วลุกเร็ว (Resilience) ซึ่งเป็นทักษะสำคัญที่ช่วยให้ครูอาจารย์งอกงามได้ท่ามกลางความเครียดและความกดดัน ส่งผลต่อการพัฒนาคุณภาพการเรียนการสอน แม้กระนั้นการพัฒนาครูอาจารย์โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่งในบริบทของประเทศไทยยังคงจำกัดอยู่ในด้านการพัฒนาทักษะความรู้ในการเป็นครู โดยที่คุณภาพชีวิตของครูในแง่ของสุขภาวะทางจิตมักถูกละเลย บทความนี้ได้รวบรวมแนวคิดการพัฒนาทักษะล้มแล้วลุกเร็วของครูอาจารย์โดยสร้างปัจจัยที่ช่วยปกป้องหรือสนับสนุนทักษะนี้จากงานวิจัยต่างๆ ผ่านกรอบแนวคิด PERMA ทฤษฎีจิตวิทยาเชิงบวก (Positive Psychology) โดยครอบคลุมถึงการพัฒนาทักษะส่วนบุคคลและการส่งเสริมจากสถาบันการศึกษา


                  Teaching has been found to be one of the most stressful and demanding professions, resulting in increased rates of burnout and attrition among educators. Consequently, recent educational research has shed light on the significance of teacher well-being, aiming to explore the contributing factors to teacher attrition and identify strategies for retaining teachers in the field. One of the strategies that has garnered attention is to enhance teachers’ resilience, a crucial skill for not only surviving, but thriving in the teaching profession.  However, teacher well-being, especially psychological well-being is often overlooked. This is more apparent in the context of Thailand. This article focuses on strategies from the perspectives of the PERMA model in positive psychology that can enhance resilience among teachers, both on an individual level and through institutional support.


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